Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Excerpt from the Minutes of Order Secretary Charles Pinckney, Palmhook, Jamaica; March 13, 1802. Order President Carleton convened the meeting at ten o’clock in the evening, March 13, 1802 at the estate of Palmhook belonging to Sentry Briggs. Sentry Briggs called the role. The following members were counted “present”: President Carleton, Warden Samuel Adams, Secretary … More Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012.  The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Empire of Liberty: A Dose Of Mascarene

Excerpt from Dr. Alisha Caffrey’s “The American Wars”, Texas Tech University Press, 2015. VII. The Conquest of Guiana and the Mascarene Islands A sizeable American squadron, 12 ships-of-the-line and five auxiliary vessels, risked operations at the end of hurricane season and left Barbados in Mid-August of 1798. They arrived off the seaside town of Cayenne, … More Empire of Liberty: A Dose Of Mascarene

Empire of Liberty: The War of the Second Coalition

Excerpt from Dr. Ernesto Guevera’s “A Brief History of War” Yale University Press, 1984 Military historians have some difficulty categorizing the Napoléonic Wars, often also referred to as the Coalitionary Wars. From the Peace of Westphalia through the Seven Years War the various conflicts over succession crises and imperialism, often described as “general wars” can … More Empire of Liberty: The War of the Second Coalition

Empire of Liberty: The XYZ Affair

Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, University of New South Wales Press, 2017. Needless to say, Americans watched the French Revolution with great interest. Republicans and the majority of Americans wanted to see republican ideals translate to their old allies. The Francophone states were especially hopefully that the old country would embrace liberty. … More Empire of Liberty: The XYZ Affair

Empire of Liberty: A Republic, If You Can Keep It

Previous Chapter: A Rocky Start “We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States … More Empire of Liberty: A Republic, If You Can Keep It

Empire of Liberty: The Lion Is Humbled

Previous Chapter: The World at War “Oh God! It’s all over!” ~ Lord Frederick North upon hearing about the capture of Savannah Excerpt from Douglas Oswald’s “Annotated History of the American Revolution”, University of Michigan Press, 1932. The surrender of General Howe in New York, Campbell in Montreal, and the alliance between the French, Spanish … More Empire of Liberty: The Lion Is Humbled