Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Excerpt from Hernán Álvarez’s “Los Grandes Americanos”, University of Bogotá Press, 2009. Chapter VII: Francisco de Miranda Francisco de Miranda stands alongside George Washington, Guy Carleton, Thomas Jefferson and Toussaint L’Ouverture among the historical giants of the Enlightenment Revolutions that occurred throughout the late 18th century into the early 19th. An idealist with dreams of … More Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012.  The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient

“The peoples we will be living alongside are Muslims; their first article of faith is “There is no other god but God, and Mahomet is his prophet”. Do not contradict them; treat them as you treated the Jews, the Italians; respect their muftis and their imams, as you respected their rabbis and bishops. Have the … More Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient

Empire of Liberty: Nobody Expects the Spanish Reformation

“For neither good nor evil can last for ever; and so it follows that as evil has lasted a long time, good must now be close at hand.”  -Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quixote Excerpt from Dr. Mark Gonzalez’ “The Great Transition of Europe”, University of Chicago Press, 1921 Chapter VIII: El Triunvirato In Madrid, the … More Empire of Liberty: Nobody Expects the Spanish Reformation