Empire of Liberty: All Roads Lead To (Eastern) Rome

Excerpt from Dr. Mark Gonzalez’ “The Great Transition of Europe”, University of Chicago Press, 1921 On the orders of Napoleon, detachments under the command of General Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte pushed into Macedonia by following the Strymónas River valley, putting pressure on Thessalonica and forcing Muhammed Ali to split his forces. The panicked Turkish governor of … More Empire of Liberty: All Roads Lead To (Eastern) Rome

Empire of Liberty: The Serbian Revolution

Excerpt from Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s “The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, Vol. II”, Harvard University Press, 1934. The Austrians entered the conflict a few weeks too late. By invading, in support of the Sultan, on the day of Serbian independence, they inadvertently placed themselves right in the diplomatic situation they sought to avoid. … More Empire of Liberty: The Serbian Revolution

Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient

“The peoples we will be living alongside are Muslims; their first article of faith is “There is no other god but God, and Mahomet is his prophet”. Do not contradict them; treat them as you treated the Jews, the Italians; respect their muftis and their imams, as you respected their rabbis and bishops. Have the … More Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient