Empire of Liberty: Political Bargaining

Excerpt from Michelle Orrego’s “Jeffersonian Democracy”, Chile State University Publishing, 2018 “You always had the people and now have the government on your side, so that the prospect is as favorable as could be wished. At the same time it must be admitted you have much trouble and difficulty to encounter.” ~ James Monroe   … More Empire of Liberty: Political Bargaining

Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Excerpt from the Minutes of Order Secretary Charles Pinckney, Palmhook, Jamaica; March 13, 1802. Order President Carleton convened the meeting at ten o’clock in the evening, March 13, 1802 at the estate of Palmhook belonging to Sentry Briggs. Sentry Briggs called the role. The following members were counted “present”: President Carleton, Warden Samuel Adams, Secretary … More Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012.  The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

The Presidency of John Adams, Part II

Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, University of New South Wales Press, 2017. The Haiti Question Initially the Adams administration only sought minor concessions from France. They sought an end to harassment on the high seas and the transfer of St. Pierre and Miquelon, the remaining Leeward Islands and Martinique. Haiti, Guiana and … More The Presidency of John Adams, Part II

Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of John Adams, Part I

“One question only shall be respectfully insinuated: whether equal laws, the result only of a balanced government, can ever be obtained and preferred without some signs or other of distinction and degree? We are told that our friends, the National Assembly of France, have abolished all distinctions. But be no deceived, my dear countrymen. Impossibilities … More Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of John Adams, Part I

Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable

Excerpt from Konijeti Beevti’s “Years of Revolution: Boston to Bhārata”, Vij Publishing House, 1962 (translation by Earl Henderson). In August of 1796, as the bloodshed began to reduce for the first time in St. Domingue in nearly five years, an election occurred to send deputies to France. Influenced by Toussaint L’Ouverture, the two French commissioners, … More Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable

Empire of Liberty: The XYZ Affair

Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, University of New South Wales Press, 2017. Needless to say, Americans watched the French Revolution with great interest. Republicans and the majority of Americans wanted to see republican ideals translate to their old allies. The Francophone states were especially hopefully that the old country would embrace liberty. … More Empire of Liberty: The XYZ Affair

Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of George Washington

“Liberty, when it begins to take root, is a plant of rapid growth.” -George Washington Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, University of New South Wales Press, 2017. III. The Presidency of George Washington Washington’s assumption of office was far different from the inaugurations we know today. The country was much smaller, the … More Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of George Washington

Empire of Liberty: The Bill of Rights

“I believe the founders understood the importance of the Bill of Rights, but I believe they understood its importance to a society comprised mostly of Anglo-French Christians. Not even Jefferson understood how universal, and important, those amendments would become to the world.” – Ali Abdel Qasir-ud-Dīn al-Albani Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, … More Empire of Liberty: The Bill of Rights