Empire of Liberty: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question

Excerpt from Frederik Willem de Klerk’s “Crossing the Bench: A History of Commonwealth Politics”, University of Witwatersrand Press, 1989 Chapter 7: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question The failures of Britain in the First and Second Coalitionary Wars led to the downfall of William Pitt the Younger’s Prime Ministry in 1799. The reformist Pitt … More Empire of Liberty: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question

Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code

Excerpt from Harris Chandler’s “A History of Napoleonic France, Vol. I”, Random House Publishing, 2018. As soon as he returned from the Italian campaign after the War of the Second Coalition Napoleon began the enormous task of reforming France’s legal codes. It is difficult to pinpoint any one reform or event that stands as Napoleon’s … More Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code

Empire of Liberty: Rise of the Raj

Excerpt from Dr. Sadar Mohinder Singh’s “The Making of Modern India: 1499 to 1932”, University of Lahore Press, 2013. The Portlandite Government frequently receives criticism for their failures in the War of the Fifth Coalition via the common refrain that the government could have maintained Pitt’s war against France and kept the pressure on Napoleon … More Empire of Liberty: Rise of the Raj

Empire of Liberty: The Fall of Pitt the Younger

“He was a good man, but could have been a hero had his predecessors not failed him.” -Lord Jack Russell Except from John Bell’s “Portraits of Leadership: Histories of the Leaders and Rulers of the Commonwealth, Oxford University Press, 1992. Throughout his tenure, Pitt always had to balance his government with the health of George … More Empire of Liberty: The Fall of Pitt the Younger

Empire of Liberty: The Rise of Pitt the Younger

“Confidence is a plant of slow growth in an aged bosom.” -William Pitt the Elder Except from John Bell’s “Portraits of Leadership: Histories of the Leaders and Rulers of the Commonwealth, Oxford University Press, 1992. “Born as the second son to the former Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder, William Pitt the younger is remembered … More Empire of Liberty: The Rise of Pitt the Younger