Empire of Liberty: State of the World – Nov. 1801

This is the state of the world in November of 1801 to the best of my ability to depict it. This map also reflects the 1801 U.S. Presidential election, the first competitive contest between two political factions (following the two unanimous elections of Washington and the Adams-Briggs unity ticket) with the first non-American state casting … More Empire of Liberty: State of the World – Nov. 1801

Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable

Excerpt from Konijeti Beevti’s “Years of Revolution: Boston to Bhārata”, Vij Publishing House, 1962 (translation by Earl Henderson). In August of 1796, as the bloodshed began to reduce for the first time in St. Domingue in nearly five years, an election occurred to send deputies to France. Influenced by Toussaint L’Ouverture, the two French commissioners, … More Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable

Empire of Liberty: A Dose Of Mascarene

Excerpt from Dr. Alisha Caffrey’s “The American Wars”, Texas Tech University Press, 2015. VII. The Conquest of Guiana and the Mascarene Islands A sizeable American squadron, 12 ships-of-the-line and five auxiliary vessels, risked operations at the end of hurricane season and left Barbados in Mid-August of 1798. They arrived off the seaside town of Cayenne, … More Empire of Liberty: A Dose Of Mascarene

Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient

“The peoples we will be living alongside are Muslims; their first article of faith is “There is no other god but God, and Mahomet is his prophet”. Do not contradict them; treat them as you treated the Jews, the Italians; respect their muftis and their imams, as you respected their rabbis and bishops. Have the … More Empire of Liberty: Ali-Napoleon and the Armee d’Orient

Empire of Liberty: The War of the Second Coalition

Excerpt from Dr. Ernesto Guevera’s “A Brief History of War” Yale University Press, 1984 Military historians have some difficulty categorizing the Napoléonic Wars, often also referred to as the Coalitionary Wars. From the Peace of Westphalia through the Seven Years War the various conflicts over succession crises and imperialism, often described as “general wars” can … More Empire of Liberty: The War of the Second Coalition