Empire of Liberty: Political Bargaining

Excerpt from Michelle Orrego’s “Jeffersonian Democracy”, Chile State University Publishing, 2018 “You always had the people and now have the government on your side, so that the prospect is as favorable as could be wished. At the same time it must be admitted you have much trouble and difficulty to encounter.” ~ James Monroe   … More Empire of Liberty: Political Bargaining

Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code

Excerpt from Harris Chandler’s “A History of Napoleonic France, Vol. I”, Random House Publishing, 2018. As soon as he returned from the Italian campaign after the War of the Second Coalition Napoleon began the enormous task of reforming France’s legal codes. It is difficult to pinpoint any one reform or event that stands as Napoleon’s … More Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code

Empire of Liberty: The Brothers Zubov

Excerpt from Harris Chandler’s “A History of Napoleonic France, Vol. I”, Random House Publishing, 2018. Napoleon established his siege lines throughout the day of July 28. Bernadotte would command the north end of the siege line, Moreau would command the middle and Jean-de-Dieu Soult was given command of the southern edge. Napoleon also dispatched Saint-Hilaire … More Empire of Liberty: The Brothers Zubov

Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Excerpt from Hernán Álvarez’s “Los Grandes Americanos”, University of Bogotá Press, 2009. Chapter VII: Francisco de Miranda Francisco de Miranda stands alongside George Washington, Guy Carleton, Thomas Jefferson and Toussaint L’Ouverture among the historical giants of the Enlightenment Revolutions that occurred throughout the late 18th century into the early 19th. An idealist with dreams of … More Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Empire of Liberty: To The Shores Of Tripoli

Excerpt from “Bald Eagles in Arabia: A Brief History of the U.S. Middle East” Originally founded by Greek colonizers and called Euesperides, the port of Bengazi far surpassed Derne as the leading harbor and chief center of commerce in Cyrenaica [1]. Briggs’ desired it for naval purposes. Eaton desired it as the next step in … More Empire of Liberty: To The Shores Of Tripoli