Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Excerpt from Hernán Álvarez’s “Los Grandes Americanos”, University of Bogotá Press, 2009. Chapter VII: Francisco de Miranda Francisco de Miranda stands alongside George Washington, Guy Carleton, Thomas Jefferson and Toussaint L’Ouverture among the historical giants of the Enlightenment Revolutions that occurred throughout the late 18th century into the early 19th. An idealist with dreams of … More Empire of Liberty: El Caballero de la Libertad

Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012.  The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain