Empire of Liberty: Byzantium After Byzantium

Excerpt from Dr. Mark Gonzalez’ “The Great Transition of Europe”, University of Chicago Press, 1921 To understand the rivalry between the Russian and the Turk, one must understand ancient history and the vague concept of Rome. This does not equate to a thorough understanding of the Roman Empire or even Rome the city, but rather … More Empire of Liberty: Byzantium After Byzantium

Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Excerpt from the Minutes of Order Secretary Charles Pinckney, Palmhook, Jamaica; March 13, 1802. Order President Carleton convened the meeting at ten o’clock in the evening, March 13, 1802 at the estate of Palmhook belonging to Sentry Briggs. Sentry Briggs called the role. The following members were counted “present”: President Carleton, Warden Samuel Adams, Secretary … More Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword

Empire of Liberty: State of the World – Nov. 1801

This is the state of the world in November of 1801 to the best of my ability to depict it. This map also reflects the 1801 U.S. Presidential election, the first competitive contest between two political factions (following the two unanimous elections of Washington and the Adams-Briggs unity ticket) with the first non-American state casting … More Empire of Liberty: State of the World – Nov. 1801

Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012.  The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain

Empire of Liberty: Rise of the Raj

Excerpt from Dr. Sadar Mohinder Singh’s “The Making of Modern India: 1499 to 1932”, University of Lahore Press, 2013. The Portlandite Government frequently receives criticism for their failures in the War of the Fifth Coalition via the common refrain that the government could have maintained Pitt’s war against France and kept the pressure on Napoleon … More Empire of Liberty: Rise of the Raj

The Presidency of John Adams, Part II

Excerpt from Dr. Jack Bankston’s “The Founding Years”, University of New South Wales Press, 2017. The Haiti Question Initially the Adams administration only sought minor concessions from France. They sought an end to harassment on the high seas and the transfer of St. Pierre and Miquelon, the remaining Leeward Islands and Martinique. Haiti, Guiana and … More The Presidency of John Adams, Part II

Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of John Adams, Part I

“One question only shall be respectfully insinuated: whether equal laws, the result only of a balanced government, can ever be obtained and preferred without some signs or other of distinction and degree? We are told that our friends, the National Assembly of France, have abolished all distinctions. But be no deceived, my dear countrymen. Impossibilities … More Empire of Liberty: The Presidency of John Adams, Part I

Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable

Excerpt from Konijeti Beevti’s “Years of Revolution: Boston to Bhārata”, Vij Publishing House, 1962 (translation by Earl Henderson). In August of 1796, as the bloodshed began to reduce for the first time in St. Domingue in nearly five years, an election occurred to send deputies to France. Influenced by Toussaint L’Ouverture, the two French commissioners, … More Empire of Liberty: Unthinkable