Empire of Liberty: The Irish Question

Excerpt from Frederik Willem de Klerk’s “Crossing the Bench: A History of Commonwealth Politics”, University of Witwatersrand Press, 1989 Chapter 5: The Irish Question “From my earliest youth I have regarded the connection between Ireland and Great Britain as the curse of the Irish nation, and felt convinced, that while it lasted this country would … More Empire of Liberty: The Irish Question

Empire of Liberty: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question

Excerpt from Frederik Willem de Klerk’s “Crossing the Bench: A History of Commonwealth Politics”, University of Witwatersrand Press, 1989 Chapter 7: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question The failures of Britain in the First and Second Coalitionary Wars led to the downfall of William Pitt the Younger’s Prime Ministry in 1799. The reformist Pitt … More Empire of Liberty: The Liverpool Ministry and the Catholic Question

Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code

Excerpt from Harris Chandler’s “A History of Napoleonic France, Vol. I”, Random House Publishing, 2018. As soon as he returned from the Italian campaign after the War of the Second Coalition Napoleon began the enormous task of reforming France’s legal codes. It is difficult to pinpoint any one reform or event that stands as Napoleon’s … More Empire of Liberty: Keep to the Code