Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012. The end of the War of the Second Coalition brought peace to Europe for the first time in nearly a decade. Yet “peace in Europe” did not equate to a complete peace. The initial trigger to the war had been Napoléon’s daring expedition to Egypt and … More Empire of Liberty: Where is Hoche?
Excerpt from the Minutes of Order Secretary Charles Pinckney, Palmhook, Jamaica; March 13, 1802. Order President Carleton convened the meeting at ten o’clock in the evening, March 13, 1802 at the estate of Palmhook belonging to Sentry Briggs. Sentry Briggs called the role. The following members were counted “present”: President Carleton, Warden Samuel Adams, Secretary … More Empire of Liberty: Double Edged Sword
This is the state of the world in November of 1801 to the best of my ability to depict it. This map also reflects the 1801 U.S. Presidential election, the first competitive contest between two political factions (following the two unanimous elections of Washington and the Adams-Briggs unity ticket) with the first non-American state casting … More Empire of Liberty: State of the World – Nov. 1801
Excerpt from Christopher Littleton’s “Bonaparte”, Random House Publishing, 2012. The surrender of Field Marshal Michael von Melas’ army and negotiated end of the siege of Mantua secured northern Italy for France from the exhausted Austrians. On June 28, the siege formally ended and the Austrians limped back east. Napoléon met Léonard Mathurin Duphot on July … More Empire of Liberty: The Louisiana Bargain
Excerpt from Dr. Sadar Mohinder Singh’s “The Making of Modern India: 1499 to 1932”, University of Lahore Press, 2013. The Portlandite Government frequently receives criticism for their failures in the War of the Fifth Coalition via the common refrain that the government could have maintained Pitt’s war against France and kept the pressure on Napoleon … More Empire of Liberty: Rise of the Raj